Comprehensive Eye and Vision Examination

Periodic eye and vision examinations are an important part of preventive health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms, so you might not know a problem exists. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye and vision problems can help prevent vision loss.


A comprehensive adult eye and vision examination may include, but is not limited to, the following tests.


Visual Acuity
Visual acuity measurements evaluate how clearly each eye is seeing.

Preliminary Tests
Preliminary tests can include evaluations of depth perception, color vision, eye muscle movements, peripheral or side vision, and the way your pupils respond to light.

This test measures the curvature of the cornea (the clear outer surface of the eye) by focusing a circle of light on the cornea and measuring its reflection. This measurement is particularly critical in determining the proper fit for contact lenses.

Refraction determines the lens power you need to compensate for any refractive error with a phoropter and retinoSCOPE (nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism).

This testing can be done without eye drops to determine how the eyes respond under normal seeing conditions. However, an optometrist will use eye drops with patients who can’t respond verbally or when some of the eyes’ focusing power may be hidden. The drops temporarily keep the eyes from changing focus during testing.

Eye Health Evaluation
This is a detailed examination from front of the eye to the back of the eye. Eye drops may be used to further examine the retina (the inside lining of the eye)

Supplemental testing
Additional testing may be needed based on the results of the previous tests to confirm or rule out possible problems, to clarify uncertain findings, or to provide a more in-depth assessment. See “Our Technology

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